Canada is the only G8 country without a transit strategy
Alison, where do you live? Do you take the transit at all?
Shell is working to ensure that the biofuels we purchase for blending are produced in a sustainable way. Currently over 80% of the volumes we purchase are covered by our sustainability clauses which we ask our suppliers to sign.
The final topic of Energy Cafe is coming up soon: CO2 and Climate Change – Leading by Example
If emerging economies develop with fossil fuels, climate crisis could result. But don’t poor countries have the same right to develop that North American and Europe had? How can we in Canada adapt our environmental, economic, and energy policies to allow for sustainable growth throughout the global economy?
The short answer is we need a "massive scale up of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources". Just as the Federal Environemtn commissioner said in 2006...
How we do that is a lot more complicated, but we cannot afford to be thinking incrementally (we've waited too long). We need to be thinking big, and transformatively.
CcourtGQuinn, I believe that across the industry in Canada more than half of the water currently used by in situ oil sands development is saline water from deep underground zones which is not suitable for human or agricultural use. While the water is brought to surface and treated for use in SAGD and other thermal operations it is then effectively reinjected at the depth of the oil sands.
Only 10 minutes left in Energy Cafe and the live blogging event! If you have questions, please get them in now. :)
On your second question it is first of all worth noting that one of the functions of tailings ponds is to allow water to be recycled - something of the order of 85% of water used in oil sands mining is recycled through tailings ponds. Thats said I believe companies are looking at what synergies may exist between in situ and mining operations along the lines you suggest.
Creative thinking and technological advances are vital for future energy development and will serve to reduce costs and energy consumption, maximize recovery from existing reservoirs and minimize environmental effects.
there are programs for solar, but only in Ontario.
the costs don't drop until there is mass markets. why we need more program's like Ontario's (which is modeled after Germany, who installed 7,500 MW of solar just last year)
better to mandate required levels of efficiency for products. we do this already, but not stringently enough
CourtGQuinn -you're taxing my knowledge now! On your second point, we don't produce rock from our operations and the sand we wash the bitumen from is used in the reclamation activity. In terms of treatment of subsurface non-potable water it is liable to depend on the exact constituent make up of the water in question so it is indeed likely that there comes a point where certain water sources may be uneconomic and inefficient to treat.
Hey everyone... any last minute questions? We
We're about to wrap it up
Here's to a renewable future.
JamesArnott - can you rephrase your question, I'm not sure I am understanding it correctly?
As a general comment oil and gas reservoirs are typically many hundreds of metres deeper than potable water sources and isolated by other geological layers
Thanks everyone. We're shutting it down in 2 minutes.
JamesArnott - if you are refering to the water used in hydraulic fracturing process then it either remains in the reservoir where the operation takes place or is recycled for future operations.
Thanks to everyone who participated tonight from all of us at Shell. If you have other questions or feel we didn’t do a good job of answering the questions you asked please feel free to contact us at email@example.com
Thanks everyone. We are now shutting down.